Finance Research Seminar “Bankruptcy codes & risk sharing of currency unions’ ” by X. WANG – VU Amsterdam

Speakers: Xuan WANG
VU Amsterdam

Date and Location – Thursday June 3rd 2021 from 12:30 to 14:00 on Zoom


Since the Eurozone Crisis of 2010-12, a critical debate on the viability of a currency union has focused on the role of a fiscal union in adjusting for country heterogeneity. However, a fully-fledged fiscal union may not be politically feasible. This paper develops a two-country general equilibrium model to examine the benefits of the bankruptcy code of a capital markets union – in the absence of a fiscal union – as an alternative mechanism to improve the financial stability and welfare of a currency union. When the banking sector cannot fully enforce loan repayment, I show that a lenient bankruptcy code in the cross-border capital markets union removes the pecuniary externality of banking insolvency, so it leads to a Pareto improvement within the currency union. Moreover, the absence of floating nominal exchange rates removes a mechanism to neutralise domestic credit risks; I show that softening the bankruptcy code can recoup the lost benefits of floating nominal exchange rates. The model provides the financial stability and welfare implications of bankruptcy within a capital markets union in the Eurozone.

Keywords: Equilibrium default, bankruptcy code, fiscal union, capital markets union, financial stability, bank credit and inside money, price-level and exchange rate determinacy, liquidity-intermediary asset pricing